CONGES SOLIDAIRE DE MAISON DU MONDE
Twelve lucky staff members of Maison du Monde came to discover the Maya walnut tree project and sustainable farming on the occasion of a solidarity leave they are sure to remember. From September 10th to 18th this French visitors came to the municipality of Los Limites to share intense moments of joy with their hosts, during several activities related to the project of dry forest preservation.
The visit of the plots introduced the week, providing to the group a first contact with the farmers, along with the chance to get familiar with the agroforestry system implemented for the organic production of a variety of fruits and vegetables, and plants with medicinal virtues used by the community. The participation of the visitors increased as they helped to plant more than 200 trees on the project area, thus contributing to the reforestation by native species of the tropical dry forest, such as the Maya walnut tree.
The women of the community had as well an opportunity to share their knowledge with the French. The latter learned during their stay how to crochet a recycled plastic wire originating from used bags, with the women from ASOARTESANAS, an association dedicated to waste reduction through making craft objects. The learning carried on with a workshop on traditional cuisine during which everyone made jams and products based on Maya walnut tree powder. French like Colombians did then surpass themselves to sell the products on the roadside of the village, thus prolonging these moments of sharing and conviviality and promoting ASOCALIM
The guided tour of Ceibal reserve offered to the Frenchs an enchanting discovery of the very specific ecosystem of the tropical dry forest, and of its iconic representative: the white-headed Titi monkey. This ecosystem is today extremely weakened, as were able to notice the group during their way through the deforested areas of Ceibal farm, thus giving its full meaning to the project led by Envol Vert.
This week awoke strong feelings among everyone and lingered in the memories unforgettable souvenirs, and very strong exchanges with children. The community of Los Limites can be proud to offer to foreign visitors the best of the Colombian Caribbean coastline.
But this trip wouldn’t have been complete without a guided touristic visit of Cartagena, of the botanic garden and of the National Park of the Rosario Islands.
They were filled with the emotional feelings of joy and happiness as the left.
NEW TOOLS FOR THE ASOCALIM
Good news! The ASOCALIM will soon be able to offer new products for sale thanks to the solar dryer that association’s members built. Dehydrated mango, papaya or pineapple will be available on the store shelves! The members will also be offered to use this tool to dry harvested seeds so to re-sow them in the plots! Everyone is eager to carry out the first processing tests!
Moreover, project beneficiaries, men and women, did join a training on communication led by Lucy Ramirez from Biocomercio Sostenible. This training will allow them to discuss together in the most clear and respectful way, and so not to fall into the trap of misunderstandings and hearsays which may circulate within the association and to a broader extent within the community. As a conclusion, the beneficiaries did agree in concluding their own ideas and in never forgetting that unity is strength.
Lastly, we are pleased to welcome our new volunteers for this coming semester: Mathilde Lagesse et Angélica Reyes !
ACOSALIM is legalized
After two months of dealing back and forth with the Colombian authorities and institutions, we have been granted the legalization of the workers group: Asocalim (Asociacion de los campecinos de los limites)! We have now done all the necessary paperwork, and have a bank account, which enables us to continue to strengthen and facilitate new and existing partnerships.
Earlier this month we finished the environmental evaluation of the project, which will allow us to discover the great diversity of fauna that lives or borders up to this this zone. We found the Aras parrot and other birds of prey flying around the treetops, many different insects and as always a lot of monkeys (titis, howlers and capuchins among others) We are very grateful to Diana for her help and support during these last intense weeks. We also want to share the news of our two new beneficiaries of the project, who will replace the previous ones. Mr. Ramiro and Mr. Wilmer are very motivated to become part of this new sustainable agricultural project, which they have heard so much about through the workers’ group ACOSALIM. The two gentlemen are excited to begin the adventure of planting trees in their agroforestry land plots! Welcome to both of them.
Evaluation du Projet
At the beginning of the month, Daisy Tarrier paid us a visit to in order to finalize the methodology of the social and environmental evaluation of the Envol Vert projects. The social part will be analyzed through questionnaires with the beneficiaries in November. These questionnaires will be a follow up to the interviews conducted with them last year. The environmental analysis has already been instigated by Diana Reina, who is a volunteer biologist, and who will help us for three weeks to finalize the project.
With this evaluation we hope to gain some interesting insights about the impact of the project so far. We will measure the impacts by: the diversity of fauna and flora, the quality of soil and lastly the state and growth of the trees.
Regarding other subjects, we will continue to work with the women of the Asocalim association, after having strengthened their activities and skills: the jams are already being sold in different places and the women of the Asocalim will join the festival in Luruaco. In light of this we have organized a training workshop about traditional medicine, which will teach them to make: soap and balms out of their own plant harvest or from plants in the reserve!
We have entered the rain season this year, and it has been raining almost every day, which luckily makes the farmers very happy! The landscape has changed radically, going from yellow and dry to luscious green, with a multitude of plants growing in all directions. In the land plots, we find that the trees and cultures are growing in harmony, despite the diversity of species: fruit trees, manioc, corn, beens, watermelon, zucchinis..and of course Guaimaros! The last mentioned are growing a lot these days – several centimeters a week! We hope to have the first harvest ready in July!
We have also taken advantage of the rain season by recommencing the land plot of “las mujeres” (the women) after nearly two years of drought. We have organized a communal session of seed-distribution, in hope of providing an alternative financing method for these women of the town. To see this project be realized with an incredible collective will and a positive attitude has impressed David Solon, a journalist from Terra Eco and mediator at the international festival Colombodiversidad, which is organized each year by Envol Vert. On a final note, the women of Asocalim are highly motivated about the jam production and have begun to sell them on the roads of the village.. and with great success!
Strengthening Acosalim and promoting their products!
At the beginning of this month we were paid a visit from two teachers from the association Biocomercio Sostenible for two days of exchanging experiences on production processes, and comparing costs (of compost and of the jams) Most of all we discussed the process and daily management of Acosalim. We are also, in line with this visit, proud to announce that we are now ready to sell our organic compost of high quality! We already have some orders – and we are very pleased that the organic jam sale is going so well! During our last trip to Cartagena, we also found different retailers who will be willing to sell our products in the organic supermarkets!
At the beginning of this year, 2016, an important event took place: the launch of the association Acosalim (Asociacion de Campesinos de Los Limites)
The on ground visit from Daisy Tarrier, the president of Envol Vert, formed the occasion to kick-off and launch the group of 14 beneficiaries and Liris, the leader of Los Limites, who now constitute the 15 members of the ACOSALIM association.
The day of the launch went well, and everyone was in high spirits. The morning was dedicated to a discussion of the overall goals, statutes, and the managerial organization of the association. At the end of the day, the general council was elected and the logo was chosen.
Due to the drought in the region, which has lasted for months, farmers have not been able to harvest any crops. Alternative sales opportunities were therefore discussed: processes of making mango jam, dried mangoes, selling organic compost, olfeira seeds.
The association will soon launch a group for the women of “Los Limites”. These women are already involved in the work with permaculture, and many of them already show an interest in Acosalim. The launch of this new project coincides with the arrival of two new volunteers, and we wish them a fruitful experience during this rain season!
New techniques put in place on farms
Work on our ‘Noyer Maya and sustainable cattle farming’ project started 2016 with a visit from Nicolas Maraval, an expert in permaculture and eco-friendly farming strategies.
During his stay, we organised a communal works project so that our partner farmers could get first-hand benefit from his experience and put his techniques for soil preservation, sustainable water usage and sensible land use in agroforestry projects into place. Nicolas also led a group of local women in setting up a new communal garden near to their homes, and taught them the basic principles of permaculture.
We are also continuing our work on raising awareness about environmental conservation, and organised a screening of the film Colombia: Wild Magic for local children. This allowed the children to discover the extraordinary diversity of their country and the need to take better care of it in the future.
Awareness-raising for World Environment Day
To mark World Environment Day on 5 June, we welcomed 16 children aged 1 to 3 years from the creche for the villages of Los Limites and Pendales, along with some of their mothers. The day was a chance for discussion and awareness-raising on environmental protection and for the planting of Noya Maya seedlings, after 7 months in the tree nursery, on the plot of one of the project beneficiaries. Each child planted and now sponsors a tree in the project zone. The activity was a great success, both with the children and the parents present. They all went away enthusiastic and better informed about the impact of deforestation and the importance of protecting the environment.
Learning how to cook the Noya Maya
Training on how to prepare and cook the Noya Maya was organised with the Los Limites community on 13 and 14 June. Darys Cabarcas, who works to promote the Noya Maya, came from the Guajira region to lead the training session attended by 55 adults from the village and a lot of their children. They learned how to dry and roast the seeds and discovered various recipes using dried or fresh Noya Maya seeds. The session ended with a meal and the chance to taste the 6 recipes looked at during the workshop. A diploma was also awarded by Envol Vert.
Inauguration of the irrigation system
To ensure proper development of crops and trees during the dry season in the region, an irrigation system has been installed. This comprises a 6-ton (6,000 litres) water tank, a pump and a network of pipes stretching a total of 1 km. The water is captured from an artificial lagoon known as “La Argentina”. Work began in March 2015 and was completed for the inauguration on 23rd May. The event, attended by all the farmers benefiting from the project and the property administrator, also included lunch and an official photo to mark the day. This work, done and coordinated by Envol Vert, will benefit the 13 farmers involved in the project by channelling water straight to their plots.
Banana tree plants
With the aim of introducing an agro-forestry system that provides a source of food and revenue for the farmers in the short term,
650 banana plants were bought from local producers. These plants are particularly drought-resistant and grow quickly. The plants were shared out fairly between the 13 farmers involved in the project and planted 5 metres apart, offset in parallel rows, awaiting the Noya Maya (Guaimaro) to provide shade.
Francis Hallé visits the project
It was a great pleasure for Envol Vert, Finca El Ceibal and the farmers benefiting from the project to welcome professor of botany Francis Hallé, accompanied by Envol Vert’s president, on the 13, 14 and 15 May this year.
Over these three days, the farmers themselves presented the project at a meeting at the tree nursery and then shared a delicious Sanchocho stew. They expressed their delight with the progress and work done together, but also evoked certain difficulties. During the visit of the nursery and the plots to be planted as part of the agro-forestry scheme, Francis Hallé offered some sound advice for greater efficiency (faster growth) and less disease (fungi). There was also a visit of the botanical garden and its reserved area where we saw a number of mature Brossimum Alicastrum (Noya Maya) trees and again Francis Hallé shared his advice for taking cuttings. There were also some lively discussions with the project’s farmers, who are just as passionate about the tree as the professor!
We also took the opportunity to visit an agro-ecology project that aims to protect the Caribbean landscape that is forming nearby. This area is particularly subject to erosion. We discovered a number of interesting opportunities for exchanging ideas between projects. Watch this space!
Fresh blood among the volunteers!
After six months spent working with local stakeholders to ensure that the project is running smoothly, Maria and Magali have handed over to two new volunteers. After a transition period during which they were able to get to know the different parties involved and immerse themselves in the project, it is now Holman and Théo’s turn to coordinate things. Holman, a Colombian living in Barranquilla, has studied biology while Théo (French) is an agronomics student. They’ll be working on the project until the end of August.
The construction of the irrigation system began in March. The farmers worked together to build the cement platform that will serve as a base for the 6,000-litre tank used to store the water required for crop irrigation. A kilometre-long trench was also dug to bury the irrigation pipes that will carry water to the plots of each farmer involved in the project.
The water needed to irrigate the plots will be drawn from the “La Argetina” lagoon which spans 6.3 hectares and provides a permanent water resource, even during severe droughts. In addition, a small depression covering 0.1 ha, just next to the lagoon, fills with water during the rainy system. A “trapdoor” system has been built so that the La Argentina lagoon can be filled from this secondary water source, to maximise the quantity of water available for irrigation and the local ecosystem.
The project’s objective is not only to help the farmers involved but also to have an impact on the entire Los Limites community. As such, there have been several activities involving the village school.
Around fifty children took part in a day of awareness raising at the project’s tree nursery. The project’s thirteen farmers and ten or so adults from the village were also present. The day was an opportunity for Envol Vert volunteers to provide more detailed explanations on the project’s goals, to give a guided tour of the nursery and talk about the trees found there, while raising the children’s awareness as to the importance of biodiversity and the tropical forest.
Everyone then took part in a series of activities at the nursery, including preparation of the drip irrigation system for more than 600 trees. The drip system was made using old plastic bottles collected by the Proyecto Titi foundation, a project partner. These bottles will be used during the initial Noya Maya tree planting phase, to optimise irrigation and the trees’ chances of survival after planting.
To mark Magali’s departure, a video screening was organised in the village craft centre. This was a chance for the volunteers to recall the results attained over the first six months of the project. The 54 children and 20 adults present then watched an environment-themed cartoon.
The farmers are gradually adopting the concepts of sustainable agriculture, getting their seeds straight from the fruit instead of buying them, and using organic pesticides.
One participant, Victor Olivares, who has extensive knowledge of medicinal plants, uses a blend of chilli pepper, garlic and nettles for fumigation of his crops. This mixture repels the insects that eat the leaves, prevents diseases and also strengthens the plant roots.
Now, thanks to Victor’s knowledge, disease is controlled organically at the nurseries, with no impact on people or the environment.
Summer has made a powerful return to the Atlantic coast. High temperatures (38°C) and a lack of water in the area make vegetable growing almost impossible. However, project participants are managing to keep plants wet and cool and achieving some good results.
The nursery doesn’t only nurture the Noya Maya but also fruit trees that are native to the region and that can be legitimately included in an agro-forestry system. Mango, papaya, soursop, oak, rain tree, gliricidia and quenepa are just some of the plants brought by local farmers.
They also sow passion fruit, guava, medlar, starfruit, lemon, annona and papaya. The farmers harvest the fruits, collect the seeds, wash them, dry them and then sow them, hoping that the plants obtained can be transplanted into the grow-bags in the following months.
More than 1,500 plants in the nurseries
One of the first phases of the agro-forestry system has begun with the construction of a tree nursery located near the project farmers’ plots.
Farmers at Los Limites are currently taking care of more than 1,500 plants and Noya Maya seedlings.
During project meetings between Envol Vert and farmers at Los Limites, the first Noya Maya nuts were cooked and tasted in a variety of forms: areapas, coffee, empanadas and so on! A wonderful chance to discover the rich culinary potential of this highly nutritious nut.
Farmers trained to plant Noya Maya
Three farmers, who will in turn train their peers, took part in a week-long training session on reforestation systems and food safety at the Escuela de la Naturaleza in Rio Ancho (La Guarija) with the Nativa foundation, with whom Envol Vert has worked on the Noya Maya in the past. Then, in Palomino (La Guajira), the farmers had the chance to discover the reforestation project run by the Union Salva Bosque and Envol Vert. Both these initiatives place the Noya Maya at the heart of the project, as this species is important for human consumption and for wildlife.
Experiments to reproduce the Noya Maya
In order to find out if it is possible to reproduce the Noya Maya and, above all, guarantee development of the main root, different reproduction experiments have been carried out: transplantation, sowing and cutting (in water and in soil), with and without rooting hormone.
After three weeks, the cuttings in water did not show any sign of growth, as the branch was too damp. None of them survived. Among the cuttings placed in soil, only those with a diameter exceeding 10 mm and without the hormone showed signs of new branch growth, although no root is visible for the moment. Further experiments are underway to find out whether this kind of reproduction can really be envisaged.
The seeds germinated after around two weeks. Out of 200 seeds sown in the seedbed, only 37 germinated and were transplated to the nursery.
Noya Maya identified
Biologist Irina Mendo, supported by the community, has identified the Noya Maya trees that could be reproduced, demonstrating that this species is still present in the dry tropical forest ecosystem on the Atlantic coast and has adapted to the area’s climatic conditions.
Seeking Noya Maya seeds
Following a more intense summer than usual in 2014, mainly due to El Niño and climate disturbances affecting the Colombian Atlantic coast this year, it has been very difficult to find Noya Maya seeds within the project zone. However, Noya Maya seeds have been donated by the Los Besotes eco-park, located 10 km from the town of Valledupar (Le César) and which makes a generous contribution to the conservation of the species. Other seeds were obtained from the other Envol Vert project in Colombia, with help from the Union Savabosque in Palomino.
Water for the whole year
During the dry period, it is impossible for farmers in Los Limites to continue to farm their plots because the streams that form during the rainy season soon dry up. Water, used for the families’ daily consumption, is purchased from neighbouring farms and proves to be costly yet insufficient to cover all the village’s needs.
With support from Envol Vert, the farmers are now considering different options to build a sustainable irrigation system. It will then be possible to plant trees and agricultural crops to feed the community throughout the year.
The project gets underway
Two volunteers have arrived to work with the farmers from the Los Limites community to set up the Noya Maya and sustainable ranching project. The goal is to support them and guide them through the different stages of the project, taking their needs and their views into account.
Maria Isabel Victoria, a Colombian trained in social communication and community work, and Magali Villatte, a French graduate in human ecology and sustainable agriculture, will be working together for six months until mid-March 2015 to act as an interface with all the other project stakeholders.